Post-conflict development in Eastern Congo

Tuungane 2 is a community-driven development (CDD) project in the Democratic Republic of Congo that takes place between 2011 and 2014. The project, implemented by the IRC and CARE International, is several times the size of Tuungane 1. Within the development community, CDD programs are enthusiastically supported as furthering social cohesion and alleviating poverty at the local level. However, there are many questions about how best to implement these projects that have not been answered yet.

By implementing Tuungane 2 with two variations we have a unique opportunity to learn about the important fundamentals of the nature of CDD projects:

  1. Investment is Ownership? In many CDR designs communities are expected to make a contribution to collective projects. Does the requirement of matching contributions in fact increase local ownership over projects and improve outcomes?
  2. Endogenous or Exogenous Structures? In classic CDR designs decisions are made locally but local decision making institutions are often bypassed. How important is this element of the design? Could CDR be just as effective if it worked through preexisting local structures?

Material and presentations


Unfinished or not well-maintained public goods project are a common sight in the Congo. Photo 1 is a school in the province of Maniema. Does requiring communities to contribute as well to development projects give them a higher sense of ownership? And does this lead to better project outcomes? Photo 2 is a RAPID committee organically chosen by the village (more about the Tuungane 1 evaluation here). Many CDD projects require an election to select a management committee. Could CDR be just as effective if it worked through preexisting local structures?